Varsha's Pick

Important facts about India

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Longest, Largest, Tallest,Biggest in India

Bridges, Roads and Rail Route:-

LONGEST

Bridge/ River Bridge  ———    Dhola Sadiya Bridge on the lohit river, Assam (alsoknown as Bhupen   Hazarika Setu, 9.15km)
Sea bridge                    ———    Bandra Worli Sea Link on Mahimbay, Mumbai (5.6km)
Railway Bridge           ———    Vembanad Rail Bridge, Kerala
Train Route                 ———    Vivek Express, Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari (4286 km)
Highway Tunnel        ———    Chenani-Nashri Tunnel( also known as Patnitop Tunnel, 11.2 Km ) on NH44, Jammu & Kashmir
Railway platform     ——–      Gorakhpur, UP (1355.4m)
Railway Tunnel         ——–      Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (11.215 km), Jammu & Kashmir
National Highway    ——–      ● NH-44 (Srinagar to Kanyakumari, 3745 KM)
● Previously this highway was known as NH-07 and it                                                           was starting from Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and was                                                           ending at Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu).
Road                            ——–          Grand Trunk road from Delhi to Kolkata. (2500 km;                                                            one of the oldest  roads of Asia).
Electric railway line      ——–          From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna (1532 km)
Which State has Longest  ———     Uttar Pradesh (752 km)
Highway
longest Elevated Expressway   ———     Chennai Port Maduravoyal Elevated
Expressway

LARGEST

Sea Bridge   ——-    Annai Indira Gandhi Bridge (Tamil Nadu)

Road Network(state)   ——– Maharashtra ( 6.08 lakhs km)
Road density  (KM per unit Area)  ——    Kerala (5268 km/km2)

Share of national highway  ——       Uttar Pradesh (8483 km)

TALLEST (Highest)

Road    ——-       Leh- Manali at Khardungla, (Jammu and Kashmir)

BIGGEST

Cantilever bridge  ——-   Rabindra Setu ( Howrah Bridge), Kolkata

Coasts, Borders, States:-

LONGEST

coastline (State)   ——–    Gujarat (1600 km)
coastline (South Indian State)    ———    Andhra Pradesh (974 km)
International Border(State)     ———    West Bengal (2509 km)

LARGEST

State with the maximum number of international borders  ——-Arunachal Pradesh (3 Countries)> West Bengal (3 Countries) > Sikkim (3 Countries)
State with the maximum number of neighbouring ——–  state Uttar Pradesh (8 states)
State (Area)     ———-    Rajasthan (3.42 Lakh km2)
State(Population)   ———   Uttar Pradesh (204 million)
State(Population Density)   ———- Bihar (1,106 per sq km)
State(Literacy Rate)  ———   Kerala (94%)
State(Sex Ratio)  ——–    Kerala (1084)
State(Population growth rate)   ——— Meghalaya (27.95%)
State (Most Urbanized)     ——– Goa (62%)

TALLEST (HIGHEST)

Battlefield  ——–    Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir

SMALLEST

State (Area)  ——–  Goa (3702 km2)
State (Population)  ——– Sikkim (6.1 lakh)
State (Population Density) ———  Arunachal Pradesh (17 people)
State (Literacy Rate)   ———   Bihar (63.2%)
State (Sex Ratio)  ——–   Haryana (879)
State (Population Growth Rate) ———  Sikkim (12.89%)
State (Least Urbanized) ———   Himachal Pradesh (10%)

Man Made Structures:-

LONGEST

Longest Corridor ——- Corridor of Ramanathaswamy Temple at Rameswaram (Tamil                                                   Nadu)

Auditorium ——–  Sri Shanmukhanand Hall, Mumbai
Mosque   ———    Jama Masjid (Delhi)
Temple  ———  Sri Ranganathaswamy temple, Tamil Nadu
Dome  ———Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur, Karnataka
Planetarium ———  Birla Planetarium, Kolkata
Cave Temple  ——-  Kailash Temple ( Ellora, Maharashtra)
Museum    ———- Indian Museum, Kolkata
Public Sector Bank  ——–  State Bank of India
Cave  ——–   Amarnath (J & K)
Gurudwara  ——— Golden Temple, Amritsar
Zoo  ——- Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata
Animal Fair ——–  Sonepur (Bihar)
Port   ——-  Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Church ——– Saint Cathedral (Goa)

Largest

Monastery   ———   Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh

TALLEST(HIGHEST)

Dam  ——  Tehri Dam on Bhagirathi river,Uttarakhand (Height 260 m)
Gateway  ——– Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri, UP
Statue  ——— Gomateshwara, Karnataka
Airport   ——– Leh airport, J&K.
Gallantry Award  ——Param Vir Chakra
Civilian Award    ——Bharat Ratna
Straight Gravity Dam  ——– Bhakra Dam on Satluj river, HimachalPradesh.

BIGGEST

Stadium    ——- Yuva Bharti Stadium, Salt Lake, Kolkata
Hotel   —— Oberoi-Sheraton (Mumbai)
Oldest Church ——- St. Thomas Church at Palayar, Trichur (Kerala)
Place of heaviest rainfall  ——-  Mawsynram (Meghalaya)

Dam, Lakes and Water Bodies:-

LONGEST

Canal  ——  Indira Gandhi Canal, Rajasthan (Source Harike barrage, Punjab).
Beach ——-Marina Beach (Chennai)
Glacier ——-Siachen Glacier, Ladakh , J&K
Dam ——Hirakud Dam on Mahanadi River, Odisha (25.8 km)
Man-made lake ——-Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam, 934m), UP.

lake —— Vembanad lake , Kerala ( length 96.5 KM)

TALLEST (HIGHEST)

Lake Tso-Lhamo Lake, Sikkim
(Height 5330m)
Tower Pitampura Tower, Delhi

LARGEST

Lake  ——- Wular lake, J&K
Brackish(Partial Saline) water lake ——- Chilika Lake, Odisha
Salt water lake  —— Sambhar lake, Rajasthan
Fresh water lake  ——–  Wular lake , J&K. ( 260 km2)
Artificial Fresh water lake   ——-  Shivaji sagar lake on Koyna Dam, Maharashtra. (891 km2)
Barrage   ——-  Farakka Barrage, Ganga

Deepest lake  ——– Gobind Sagar lake on Satluj river, Himachal Pradesh. (depth 163 m )

Natural Resources

LONGEST

Longest River which Flows entirely in India   ——-   Godavari river ( 1465 km)
River(India)  ——-  The Ganga (2640 km. long)
Tributary river of India    —–  Yamuna (1376 km, tributary of Ganga)
Longest river which forms estuary    ——–  Narmada ( Falls in the Arabian sea,1300 km)

LARGEST

Desert   ——– Thar Desert, Northwestern India (2 lakhs km2)
Delta  ——   Sundarban Delta (on the mouth of Ganga – Brahmaputra River)
State with Maximum Forest Area   ——– Madhya Pradesh ( 94 K km2)
State with the maximum percentage of Forest area   ——-  Mizoram (about 75%)

TALLEST (HIGHEST)

Mountain peak    ——–  ● Godwin Austin (K2), Karakoram
Range, J&K (8611 m)
● Kangchenjunga (8,586 m) highest in
the undisputed territory of India
Waterfall  ——-  Kunchikal Falls, Varahi river, Karnataka

BIGGEST

Most Populous city  ——- Mumbai
Riverine Island  ——-Majuli island on Brahmaputra River,Assam
Deepest River Valley– Bhagirathi and Alaknanda

 

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