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Production, Export and Import of Cardamom

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The details of total cardamom produced, exported and imported during the last three years and in the current year are given in the table:

Production, Export &  Import  of Cardamom
Spices   Year Production (Tons) Export Import
Quantity  (Tons) Value (Rs.Crore.) Quantity  (Tons) Value (Rs.Crore)
Cardamom(small) 2015-16 23,890 5,500 449.83 850 44.74
  2016-17 17,990 3,850 421.50 1720 88.70
  2017-18 20,650 5,680 609.08 685 43.79
  2018-19(*) 12,950 2,250 242.50 353 28.24
Cardamom(large) 2015-16 5,315 600 75.51 3410 307.95
  2016-17 5570 780 82.65 3120 242.42
  2017-18 5,905 760 56.47 5,670 331.09
  2018-19(*) 6,038 585 34.63 2,270 119.86
Source: Production: Estimate by Spices Board

 

Export/Import: DGCI&S Kolkata/Exporters’ Returns/DLE/DLI from Customs

(*) Production: Preliminary estimate; Export / Import – Estimate for April 18-Oct.18 period

 

The price of cardamom(small) has been showing fluctuating trend during the last three years.  During the current year, the price has shown increasing trend in the domestic market.  However, the price of cardamom (large) has been showing a declining trend in the domestic market from the year 2015-16 onwards. The weighted average auction price of cardamom(small) in India and the average domestic price of cardamom(large) at Gangtok for the last three years and in the current year are given below:

Crop Year Weighted Average Auction Price of cardamom (small)
2015-16 628.64
2016-17 1088.50
2017-18 955.82
2018-19 (Aug-Dece.) (provisional) 1246.23

Source: Reports received from licensed cardamom auctioneers

 

Year Average domestic price of cardamom (large) at Gangtok Market
2015-16 1470.91
2016-17 973.94
2017-18 599.70
2018-19 (Apr-Dec) 542.08

Source: Spices Board, Gangtok

Union Government through Spices Board  has been implementing various programmes/ schemes under the Integrated Scheme for Export Promotion and Quality Improvement in Spices, and,  Research and Development of Cardamom to  increase the income of  cardamom farmers which include,  increasing production and productivity of cardamom through production of quality planting materials in the  growers field, replanting of old, senile and uneconomic gardens, new planting of cardamom (large) in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, assistance for farm mechanization to address the labour problem and to reduce the cost of production, supply of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) kits to cardamom (small) growers to improve the quality of cardamom to get higher price for growers,  promotional measures to increase the domestic consumption of cardamom,aggregation of farmers by promoting the formation of Spices Producer Societies for common processing, value addition, direct marketing etc.for better price realization,setting up of  e-auction centres for cardamom(small)  to ensure transparency  and  better price for  cardamom to the growers etc.

Further, to protect the interest of domestic cardamom industry and to control the import of inferior quality cardamom from other origins, the Government had fixed the Minimum Import Price (MIP) of Cardamom at Rs. 500 per kg vide Notification dated the 6th February,2015 as there was drastic fall in the price of cardamom (small).

Measures taken by the Government to boost export of  cardamom and other spices include  development of infrastructure for common processing facilities in Spices Parks, adoption of Hi-Tech in spice processing , technology and process upgradation, setting-up/up-gradation of in-house quality evaluation labs,  study of markets abroad, product development and research,  pre-export  analytical tests for meeting the quality specifications of consumer countries, assistance to farmers for post-harvest quality improvement in spices, trade promotion activities including participation in international fairs, promotion of Indian spice brands, conducting training programmes for the stakeholders in Good Agricultural Practices etc.

This information was given by the Minister of State of Commerce and Industry, C. R. Chaudhary, in written replies in the Lok Sabha today.

 

 

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